section 29 to 33

Section 29- Document

“Document”.- The word “document” denotes any matter expressed or described upon any substance by means of letters, figures, or marks, or by more than one of those means, intended to be used, or which may be used, as evidence of that matter.

A document is to be considered if a substance has been inscribed on it by letters, numbers, signs by more than one medium to which it can be read and used as evidence.

The following will be considered under Section 29

  • Order of taxation issued by Income Tax Department
  • Telephone Receipts made to foreign countries
  • Letter etc. issued by government departments

29 A – Electronic Record

“Electronic record”.- The words “electronic record” shall have the meaning assigned to them in clause (t) of sub-section (1) of section 2 of the Information Technology Act, 2000.]

29 A Electronic Record Defines the electronic record. This section is replaced by the Information Technology Act. This section shall have the same meaning as assigned to it in Section 2 (1) of the Information Technology Act is founded by section 91.

Section 30 – Valuable Security

“Valuable security”- The words “valuable security” denote a document which is, or purports to be, a document whereby any legal right is created, extended, transterred, restricted, extinguished or released, or where by any person acknowledges that he lies under legal liability, or has not a certain legal right.

 Note– Valuable security is a document through which the election of a right is transferred or it accepts through this document does not hold the right.

Examples of valuable security

  •   Passport
  •   Divorce deed
  •   Bill
  •   Rent-Agreement
  •  Settlement book
  •  Lottery ticket regulation letter
  •  And redemption letters etc.

Section 31- Will

“A will”- The words “a will” denote any testamentary document.

The word Will in common language means a will or a will letter, can be done by plain paper or registration. The property is transferred by the head of the group addressing the group members. The Will is applies after the death of the head of the group.

Section 32 – Word referring to act include illegal Omissions.

In every part of this Code, except where a contrary intention appear from the context, words which refer to acts done extend also to illegal omissions.

Illegal omission occurs under the words directing the actions. This section makes it clear that wherever the works are described in the Indian Penal Code, the rebellion also applies unless the contrary intention is breached not revealed.

Section 33 – Act and omission

The word ‘’act’’ denotes as well as a series of act as a single act the word ‘’omission’’ denotes as well as a series of omissions as a single omission.

“Act” ‘’omission”, Section 33 of the Indian Penal Code makes it clear that the work not only consisted of single acts but also included a series of different works to be created in the same practice. Similarly, the chain will be considered of people in illegal omission. 

 

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