Giving False evidence
NEW DELHI :– It is common in society to lie, mislead, cheat, a criminal person is bound by oath in court or by express provision of the court to declare his statement in the court. He knows that the statement spoken by him is false or false. Which he does not believe to be true, if any person does this or misleads the court, he will be punished.
Section 191 of the Indian Penal Code provides in relation to false evidence or perjury. False evidence can be in any form oral or documentary. Explanation 2 of this section says that the person knows the truth of his statement. Is not true and if he does he will be guilty of giving false evidence or giving false testimony.
191. Giving false evidence
Whoever, being legally bound by an oath or by an express provision of law to state the truth, or being bound by law to make a declaration upon any subject, makes any statement which is false, and which he either knows or believes to be false or does not believe to be true, is said to give false evidence. Explanation 1.—A statement is within the meaning of this section, whether it is made verbally or otherwise. Explanation 2.—A false statement as to the belief of the person attesting is within the meaning of this section, and a person may be guilty of giving false evidence by stating that he believes a thing which he does not believe, as well as by stating that he knows a thing which he does not know.