New Delhi : – It is generally seen that people say that you become a witness on my behalf, I will be saved, but you should never agree to give false testimony to anyone, it is important for you that you should be saved from the clutches of the law. Know that it is common in society to lie, mislead, deceive,
A criminal person or any layman on behalf of the criminal person is bound to make his statement in court on oath by oath in court or by express provision of the court.
He knows whether the statement made by him is not true or false. Which he does not believe to be true, if any person does so or misleads the court, he shall be punished.
Section 191 of the Indian Penal Code provides for false evidence or perjury. False evidence can be either oral or documentary. Explanation 2 of this section says that a person knows the truth of his statement. is not true and if he does so he will be guilty of giving false evidence or giving false testimony.
- Giving false evidence
Whoever, who is legally bound by oath or by an express provision of law to tell the truth, or by being bound by law to make a declaration on any matter, makes any statement which is false, and which He knows or believes to be false or does not believe to be true, is said to give false evidence.
Explanation 1.—A statement is within the meaning of this section, whether made orally or otherwise.
Explanation 2.—A false statement as to the belief of the person attesting is within the meaning of this section, and a person may be guilty of giving false evidence saying that he believes the thing on which he believes does not, as well as saying that he knows a thing he does not know.
You can understand better from the examples given in the law books on the basis of which you can be convicted, then also know this
(a) A, in support of a reasonable claim which B has for one thousand rupees, falsely swears by a suit that he has heard Z acknowledging the justice of B’s claim. A has given false evidence.
(b) A, being bound by an oath to tell the truth, states that he considers a certain signature to be the handwriting of Z, when he does not consider it to be the handwriting of Z. Here A states what he knows to be false, and therefore gives false evidence.
(c) A, knowing the general character of Z’s handwriting, says that he considers a certain signature to be Z’s handwriting; A believes this to happen in good faith. Here A’s statement is only as he believes, and is true to the best of his belief, and therefore, although the signature cannot be Z’s handwriting, A has not given false evidence.
(d) A, being bound by an oath to tell the truth, states that he knows that Z was at a particular place on a particular day, knowing nothing on the subject. A gives false evidence as to whether Z was at that place on the day named.
(e) an interpreter or translator, certifies or certifies as to the correct interpretation or translation of a statement or document that he is indeed bound by oath to interpret or translate that which is not and which he is not true admits.