The Indian Penal Code,1860 section 19 to 22 part 3


NEW DELHI :-Section 19. Section 19 of the Indian Penal Code defines a judge. A judge can be any person who has been officially designated as the judge, this includes every person who has the power to take criminal civil case and revenue proceedings and is considered capable of giving a decisive judgment.

Section 20. Section 20 of the Indian Penal Code defines a court as a place where a court is protected to do judicial work or a place which is empowered for judicial work.

Section 21. Section 21 of the Indian Penal Code defines public servant as a general public servant is a person who performs duties but not all government employees are public servants.

The following people have been considered public servants

Chief Minister and Minister of a State
Chairman of Municipal Committee
Collected by Municipality
Employee of registered cooperative society or member of executive committee Teacher teacher who gets salary from government
Railway staff
Assistant air service member

In M. Karunanidhi v. Union of India AIR 1977 SC, the suit stated that the Chief Minister would be placed in the category of public servant.

R.S. Nayak vs A.R. Antulay AIR 1984 In this suit it was determined by the Supreme Court that MLA MLA will not be placed in the category of public servant.

Section 22 of the Indian Penal Code, Section 22 defines movable (movable) property under which every type of property is independent which is not attached to land or anything else.

But the property which is attached to the land comes under immovable property.
Movable property and immovable property are broadly defined in the Transfer of Property Act 1882.